Neural Network Enhanced RKPM for Electrochemical-Mechanical Coupled Damage Modeling of Energy Storage Materials

  • Susuki, Kristen (University of California, San Diego)
  • Allen, Jeffery (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
  • Chen, Jiun-Shyan (University of California, San Diego)

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Energy storage materials undergo significant charge cycling, which makes understanding their reliability and durability fundamental in predicting performance and service life. Strong electrochemical-mechanical coupling and highly anisotropic material properties contribute to the formation and propagation of micro-cracking, largely along material interfaces and grain boundaries. For Li-ion Batteries, for example, lithium moving between electrodes during charging and discharging process causes expansion and contraction of grains, and the strongly anisotropic and nonlinearly [Li]-dependent grain material properties can cause grains to expand into and contract away from each other, leading to chemo-mechanical cracking. In the first part of this work, a RKPM based computational framework for solving the coupled solid-phase lithium conservation with Fickian diffusion and the lithium concentration dependent anisotropic mechanical problem subjected to a highly nonlinear Butler–Volmer boundary condition is introduced. The choice of RKPM completeness conditions for lithium concentration and mechanical deformation fields, and the variational consistency condition for the domain integration of the coupled problem is first determined. In the second part of this work, a neural network-enhanced reproducing kernel particle method (NN-RKPM) [1] is leveraged to accurately capture damage and crack propagation throughout the material, by learning the location, orientation, and sharpness of discontinuity while allowing for a coarser nodal distribution than that is necessary for capturing sharp solution transitions using traditional mesh-based methods. NN-RKPM is used to inform how crack opening and closure in turn affect the coupled chemical equations and material microstructure. Reference Baek, J., Chen, J. S., Susuki, K., “Neural Network enhanced Reproducing Kernel Particle Method for Modeling Localizations,” International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, Vol. 123, pp 4422-4454,, 2022.